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World Heritages in Italy Part 5

Lombard Places in Italy (World Heritage)

The seven sites in Castelseprio, Cividale del Friuli, monasteries in Brescia and Beneveto, Monte Sant ‘Angelo include forts, buildings, churches and monasteries. They stand for the importance of the Germanic Lombards who immigrated from the north, who developed their own culture in northern Italy from the 6th to 8th centuries, which was based on the ancient Roman heritage and achieved a synthesis of Christian spirituality and Byzantine art.

Lombard places in Italy: facts

Official title: The Lombards in Italy, places of power (568 to 774 AD)
Cultural monument: Spread over Italy seven different areas with representative and religious buildings of the Germanic tribe of the Lombards who immigrated to Italy in 568 and ruled there from their exercise of power until 774; these include former military camps, fortresses, churches and monasteries; in the style characteristic of the transition from antiquity to the European Middle Ages with influences from ancient Rome, Christian religiosity as well as Byzantine and Germanic customs
Continent: Europe
Country: Italy
Location: Brescia, Cividale del Friuli, Varese in Northern Italy, Spoleto, Trevi in ​​Umbria, Beneveto, Monte Sant Angelo in Southern Italy
Appointment: 2011
Meaning: Exceptional testimony to the cultural and artistic development in Italy from the 6th to 8th centuries; unique integration of different cultural influences; outstanding documents from the beginning of the European Middle Ages and the spread of Western Christianity; homogeneous cultural ensemble of the exercise of power by a European people

Lombard Places in Italy: History

about the birth of Christ Settlement of the Longobards on both sides of the Lower Elbe, belonging to the Swebian tribal union of Marbod
2nd century Migration of parts of the Lombards to South Moravia and Lower Austria north of the Danube
167 Incursion of Lombard armies across the Danube to Hungary (Pannonia)
3rd to 4th / 5th Century New tribal formation of the Lombards on the basis of a polyethnic mixture of peoples in the northern Danubian Limes foreland
at 508/509 Victory of the Lombards over the Heruli and takeover of their empire
510-540 Under King Wacho, the Lombards became loyal federates of the Byzantine Empire
546 Occupation of the land between the Drava and Sava
568 Under King Alboin occupation of Lombardy and parts of central Italy, break with Byzantium
773/774 Conquest of the Longobard Empire by Charlemagne

Lombard Places in Italy

Dolomites (World Heritage)

The Dolomites are a unique geological testimony to the history of the earth. They emerged from a huge coral reef that lay in the primeval sea of ​​Tethys 250 million years ago. Today the rugged rock towers alternate with deep valleys and rolling hills. The World Heritage comprises nine sub-areas that were previously under protection as a national or nature park and cover an area of ​​611 km².

Dolomites: facts

Official title: Dolomites
Natural monument: Mountain range of the Southern Limestone Alps in Northern Italy with a dense network of valleys and 18 mountain ranges over 3,000 m high; often steep walls rising above a base of crystalline slate and sandstone, rock dissolved in towers and battlements (eg »rose garden«); Area consisting of nine sites and over 1,400 km² from the Triassic period (approx. 251 to 199 million years ago) with the Marmolada as the highest elevation (3,342 m); Colorful and varied landscape with wooded alpine pastures, bizarre and karst-like mountain formations as well as ice-age shapes; diverse flora with over 2,400 plant species
Continent: Europe
Country: Italy
Location: South Tyrol, provinces of Trento (Trentino) and Belluno (Veneto)
Appointment: 2009
Meaning: Mountain region of unique beauty with spectacular formations and colorful landscapes; Area of ​​outstanding importance for geological exploration of the earth

Mantua and Sabbioneta (World Heritage)

According to thesciencetutor, both cities are located in the Po Valley in northern Italy. Mantua, the city of Virgil’s birth, was shaped by the Gonzaga dynasty during the Renaissance and became one of the most important royal city residences in Italy. Outstanding buildings in the city center include the cathedral and the Palazzo Ducale from the 14th century. Sabbioneta was built as a residence by Vespasiano Gonzaga in the middle of the 16th century and is considered one of the few ideal cities of the Renaissance to be realized.

Mantua and Sabbioneta: facts

Official title: Mantua and Sabbioneta
Cultural monument: Italian cities in the Po Valley with a large number of exceptionally well-preserved Renaissance buildings; in Mantua, founded as an ancient settlement, from the 14th century under the rule of the Gonzaga (12th-17th centuries) continuous expansion into a center of the Italian Renaissance; splendid old town with ao Palazzo Ducale (with mirror hall, inner courtyards, gardens, church and Castello San Giorgio), cathedral (five-aisled basilica), Palazzo de Te, church San Lorenzo; Sabbioneta (built in 1577 as the residence of Vespasiano Gonzaga, 1531-1591) with a Renaissance townscape that has remained unchanged to this day; Star-shaped fortifications with the ducal and garden palace richly decorated with frescoes and stucco, Teatro Olimpico, Church of the Incoronata with the mausoleum of Vespasiano Gonzaga
Continent: Europe
Country: Italy
Location: Mantua, Sabbioneta, Lombardy region
Appointment: 2008
Meaning: Unique evidence of the urban culture of the Italian Renaissance; impressive documents of the architectural, civilizational and cultural vision of the Renaissance; outstanding examples of systematic urban planning in the early modern era