Estonia Religion
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Estonia Religion

According to studies, Estonia is one of the world’s most secular countries. Fewer than one-fifth of residents believe that religion is an important part of daily life. During the Soviet era (1944–1991), society was characterized by atheistic propaganda and, in particular, Estonian Christians were persecuted by the authorities. After independence from the Soviet Union in […]

Estonia
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Estonia

Estonia is a republic in Europe on the eastern Baltic Sea. The country borders the Gulf of Finland in the north, Latvia in the south, Russia in the east and the Baltic Sea in the west, with a total coastline of 3794 kilometers and a total of 2222 islands. The capital is Tallinn, formerly called […]

History of Estonia 2
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History of Estonia

Estonia’s history begins in the early Middle Ages with mutual looting between Estonia and Sweden and Denmark. Later in the Middle Ages, Estonia was attacked by Russians, Danes and Germans alike, and the country gradually became a popular area for crusades. The Germans ruled most of Estonia from the 13th century. In the 16th century, […]

Wild boar in Estonia
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Geography of Estonia

Estonia is mostly a plain or a low plateau that rarely goes higher than 100 meters, with an average height of 61 meters. The highest peak reaches Haanja in the southeast with Suur Munamägi (317 meters) as the highest point and at the same time the highest in the entire Baltic. The lowest areas are […]

Religions in Estonia
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Religions in Estonia

Estonia has traditionally been a Lutheran Protestant country, with a significant element of Orthodox Christians. Today, Estonia is considered one of the least religious countries in the world, as only 39.9 percent publicly profess a religious affiliation. 9.9 percent are members of the Lutheran Church and 16.2 percent are members of the Orthodox Church. History […]

Estonia President
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Estonia’s Political System

Following the 1992 Constitution, based on the 1938 Constitution, Estonia is a unified state and democratic republic. Legislative authority has been added to a state assembly (Riigikogu) with 101 members, elected in the general election for four years. The voting age is 18 years. The Assembly also elects the President. The president is elected for […]

Estonia joined NATO in 2004 and borders Russia
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Estonia’s Defense

Estonia has a general duty of military service for men from the age of 19 and first service from 8 to 11 months. The country joined NATO in 2004. Estonia has a staff of 6600 active personnel, 12,000 in reserve, 15,800 in home defense and a semi-military border guard (2018, IISS). Norway has contributed to […]

Old Town of Tallinn
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Economy and Business in Estonia

Estonia has been a member of the EU since 2004 and joined the eurozone in 2011, and has an open economy and a very liberal economic regime with low income tax, low corporate taxation and low tax levels. Estonia’s gross domestic product (GDP) amounted to USD 41.56 billion in 2017 (CIA World Factbook). The increase […]

Peet Aren and Otto Krusten
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Literature of Estonia

Estonian literature has long roots. Folk-poetry dates back to well before the 1100s. A newer folk poetry flourished in the 18th and 19th centuries, and the country has one of the world’s largest collections of such poetry. The national post “Kalevipoeg” initiated the national romance. Anton Hansen Tamsaare (1878–1940) and Oskar Luts (1897–1953) are prominent […]

Music in Estonia
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Music in Estonia

Folk music Perhaps the oldest form of music among the Finno-Ugric people, the rune song can be traced 2000 years back and still lives in Estonian folk tradition. Organ-like polyphony occurs in the national anthem, which includes songs at harvest, weddings, funerals, midsummer celebrations and drinking parties. Among folk instruments, the buckshorn, mouth harp, nap, […]