Bulgaria Religion
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Bulgaria Religion

Religious freedom prevails and the churches must be separate from the state. At the same time, the constitution defines the Orthodox faith as the “traditional religion” of the country, and the Bulgarian Orthodox Church based in Sofia is the country’s largest community. Bulgaria was a Christian already in the 20th century, Christianized in the 500s […]

During World War II
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The History of Bulgaria Part 4

People’s Republic of Bulgaria In June 1947, Petkov was arrested. A leather trial was held in August. Called demonstrative crowds demanded death sentence. Petkov was executed in September. In December 1947, the country was given a new constitution and became a people’s republic. The last remnant of independent politics was gagged in 1948, when the […]

Tsar Ivan Alexander
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The History of Bulgaria Part 3

World war one The disappointment over the peace agreement after the Balkan wars led Bulgaria to withdraw into the First World War on the part of the Central Powers, after having waited awkwardly until the summer of 1915. However, after a series of victories against Serbia and Romania, the offensive collapsed; the country was subject […]

Krum
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The History of Bulgaria Part 2

Under Ottoman (Turkish) rule (1396-1877) During the five-hundred-year-old Turkish rule, conditions for the Bulgarians varied. It was probably the hardest during and immediately after the conquest, when large areas were looted and burned, the state apparatus was destroyed, the nobility was deprived of their property and positions, and the church lost its independence. Many churches […]

The history of Bulgaria
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The History of Bulgaria Part 1

The history of Bulgaria is the period from antiquity to 1990. The history is characterized by the fact that the area has been subject to a number of foreign powers. In ancient times, today’s Bulgaria was part of a province under the Roman Empire. By the division of the Roman Empire in 395 according to […]

Balkan mountains in Bulgaria
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Geography of Bulgaria

Bulgaria can be divided into four main geographical regions: two plains and two mountain regions, all with the greatest extent from west to east. The average height above the sea is 470 m. The Donausletta extends along the entire border with Romania and reaches south to the foot of the Balkan Mountains. It is a […]

Bulgaria's Political System
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Bulgaria’s Political System

Bulgaria is a parliamentary-democratic republic. The head of state is a president who is elected in the general election for 5 years and can be re-elected only once. The real power lies with the government. The National Assembly, Narodno sobranje, has 240 members who are elected in the general election for 4 years. Bulgaria is […]

Bulgaria joined NATO in 2004
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Bulgaria’s Defense

Bulgaria joined NATO in 2004. General military service was abolished in 2008. The total personnel force for Bulgaria’s armed forces is 31,300 active personnel, with a reserve of 3,000 personnel (2018, IISS). Army The army has a workforce of 16,300 active personnel. Materials include 90 tanks of a T-72, 160 armored vehicles, 120 armored personnel […]

Bulgaria joined NATO and the EU in 2004 and 2007, respectively
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The Contemporary history of Bulgaria

Bulgaria’s contemporary history is the story after 1990. In the post- World War II period, Bulgaria was part of the Soviet- controlled Eastern bloc. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1990, Bulgaria became a democratic republic. Republic of Bulgaria Todor Shivkov had been Bulgaria’s strong leader since 1962, and the one-party state of […]

Nuclear Power in Bulgaria
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Nuclear Power in Bulgaria

Bulgaria has one nuclear power plant with two nuclear reactors in operation, which contributes to around a third of the country’s electrical energy production. The government wants to increase the contribution from nuclear power, but lacks funding. Plans for a new nuclear power plant have been submitted, but a new reactor at the existing power […]