Uzas
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History of Bosnia and Herzegovina Part III

The shots in Sarajevo In Bosnia and Herzegovina, Mlada Bosna (‘Young Bosnia’) gathered students with Yugoslav (South Slavic) orientation. Serbia’s victories against the Turks during the Balkan War in 1912 increased the pro-Serbian and anti-Austrian sentiments in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Tensions between Serbia and Austria-Hungary increased in 1913. When Austria-Hungary carried out major […]

Bosnia and Herzegovina Religion
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Bosnia and Herzegovina Religion

Islam and Christianity are about the same in Bosnia. The religious affiliation mainly follows the division into ethnic groups. Formally, state and religion are separate, but religious communities have great influence in society. Civil war gave religion more room in people’s lives. In the past, many were not actively religious, but now religion reinforces their […]

Bosnia and Herzegovina
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Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republic of Europe, in the Balkan Peninsula, borders Serbia and Montenegro in the east and southeast, Croatia in the north and west. The border of today’s Bosnia-Herzegovina is identical to the borders of the sub-republic of the same name in federal Yugoslavia, which lasted from 1945 to 1992. The double name refers […]

Austria-Hungary
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History of Bosnia and Herzegovina Part II

Insurgency against Turkish rule A hereditary feudal class and local army leaders (kapetani) who developed from the 17th century became very independent in relation to the sultan. While also Christians had been able to be landlords before, and Muslim peasants serfs, led the development of the 1800s was all the big landowners ( aga- is, […]

Remains of an Illyrian wall in Stolac, Herzegovina
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History of Bosnia and Herzegovina Part I

The history of Bosnia and Herzegovina is characterized by the fact that various states have fought for influence over several centuries. The population consists of several ethnic groups, which have at times been at odds with each other. The area that is today Bosnia-Herzegovina was from the 12th century partly under Croatian, Serbian, Byzantine, Franconian […]

Bosnia and Herzegovina's Political System
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Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Political System

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a republic and federal state with a relatively weak federal level. The political system is based on the Dayton Agreement (1995) that followed the Bosnia wars in the first half of the 1990s. The supreme political authority is the UN High Representative, who ensures that the civil content of the Dayton […]

Lapp Owl
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Geography of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a mountain country, only eight percent of the country is less than 150 meters above sea level. In the west, the landscape is dominated by karst mountains (Dinaric Alps), which mainly run in the northwest-southeast direction, interrupted by characteristic poles. In the middle are the forest and mineral rich Bosansko rudogorje […]

Bosnia and Herzegovina Army
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Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Defense

Bosnia-Herzegovina joined NATO’s Partnership for Peace in 2006, and has negotiated NATO membership since 2009. General military service was abolished in 2006. Personnel for Bosnia-Herzegovina’s armed forces is 10,500 active personnel, including 800 personnel in an air component (2018 , IISS). In accordance with the Dayton Agreement of 1995, the Federation of Muslims and Croats […]

Languages ​​in Bosnia and Herzegovina
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Languages ​​in Bosnia and Herzegovina

As a result of the civil war and the political divide in the 1990s, Bosnia and Herzegovina has three official languages, Bosnian, Serbian and Croatian. According to the CIA World Factbook, 52.9 percent use Bosnian as their mother tongue, while 30.8 and 14.6 percent use Serbian and Croatian as their mother tongue (2013). The dialogues […]

Bosnian soldiers march in Sarajevo on November 24, 1991
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Bosnian War

The Bosnia War was a war that lasted from April 1992 to November 1995. The war revolved around control of the Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina, in the wake of the disintegration of the Yugoslav state. Nationalist politicians from what had been the Bosnian Republic’s three constituent peoples (Muslims, Serbs and Croats) since 1943 fought with military means […]