Geography of Buckingham County, Virginia

Geography of Buckingham County, Virginia

Buckingham County, located in central Virginia, is a region rich in history, natural beauty, and rural charm. Spanning approximately 584 square miles, it is one of the larger counties in the state. The county is known for its rolling hills, fertile farmland, scenic rivers, and historic landmarks, making it a desirable destination for residents and visitors seeking a taste of authentic Virginia countryside. Check howsmb for information about Alleghany County, Virginia.


Buckingham County is situated within the Piedmont region of Virginia, nestled between the Blue Ridge Mountains to the west and the Tidewater region to the east. The county’s landscape is characterized by gently rolling hills, wooded valleys, and fertile plains, with elevations ranging from around 200 feet above sea level along the James River to over 1,000 feet in the western part of the county.

The James River forms the northern boundary of Buckingham County, serving as a vital waterway and transportation route for the region. The river and its tributaries, including Slate River and Willis River, provide habitat for diverse wildlife and offer opportunities for fishing, canoeing, and kayaking.

In addition to the James River, Buckingham County is also home to several smaller rivers and streams, which meander through the countryside and provide habitat for trout and other freshwater species. These waterways, including the Hardware River, Willis River, and Little Willis River, are popular destinations for anglers and outdoor enthusiasts seeking to explore the county’s natural beauty.


Buckingham County experiences a humid subtropical climate, with four distinct seasons characterized by hot, humid summers and mild, relatively dry winters. The region’s climate is influenced by its location in the eastern United States and its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean, which moderates temperatures and contributes to relatively mild weather year-round.

Summers in Buckingham County are typically warm and humid, with average high temperatures in the 80s to 90s Fahrenheit. Heatwaves are common during the summer months, with temperatures occasionally reaching into the 100s. Thunderstorms are also frequent during the summer, bringing heavy rainfall, lightning, and strong winds.

Winters in Buckingham County are generally mild, with average high temperatures in the 40s to 50s Fahrenheit. Frost is common, and snowfall is possible but relatively rare, with most precipitation falling as rain. Cold snaps can occur, particularly in January and February, bringing freezing temperatures and occasional winter storms.

Spring and fall bring transitional weather to Buckingham County, with fluctuating temperatures and changing foliage. Springtime brings blooming flowers, budding trees, and warmer temperatures, while fall is characterized by cool temperatures, vibrant foliage, and the onset of harvest season for local farms and orchards.

Lakes and Reservoirs:

While Buckingham County is primarily known for its rivers and streams, it is also home to several lakes and reservoirs that provide recreational opportunities and water storage for the region. Sandy River Reservoir, located in the eastern part of the county, is one of the largest and most popular lakes in the area, attracting anglers, boaters, and outdoor enthusiasts from near and far. Other notable lakes include Willis River Reservoir and Slate River Reservoir, both of which offer opportunities for fishing, boating, and picnicking.


In conclusion, Buckingham County, Virginia, is a region of natural beauty, rural charm, and historic significance. From its rolling hills and fertile farmland to its scenic rivers and picturesque lakes, the county offers a wide range of outdoor recreational opportunities and cultural attractions for residents and visitors alike. With its humid subtropical climate, mild winters, and warm summers, Buckingham County remains a beloved destination for those seeking to experience the beauty and tranquility of rural Virginia.