Travel

Flags of North America

Mexico

The flag originated in a flag from 1821, but this one lacked the weapon in the middle field and had the colors in different order. The current design was officially established in 1968. Green symbolizes independence, white Catholic religion, red internal unity and cohesion. The main object of the state arms is the Aztecs’ sacred eagle.

Administrative division

Mexico is a federal republic of 31 states and the metropolitan area, Distrito Federal. Each state has its own constitution, congress and court. At the head of the state is a governor with a term of office of six years.

Area in km2 Residents 2019 Capital
State government
Aguascalientes 5 600 1 415 400 Aguascalientes
Baja California 71 400 3 578 600 Mexicali
Baja California Sur 73 900 788 000 La Paz
Campeche 57 900 984 000 Campeche
Chiapas 73 300 5 647 500 Tuxtla Gutiérrez
Chihuahua 247 400 3 765 300 Chihuahua
Coahuila 151 600 3 175 600 Saltillo
Colima 5 600 772 800 Colima
Durango 123 450 1 853 000 Durango
Guanajuato 30 300 6 173 700 Guanajuato
Guerrero 63 600 3 644 000 Chilpancingo
Hidalgo 20 800 3 050 700 Pachuca
Jalisco 78 600 8 325 800 Guadalajara
México 22 400 17 245 600 Toluca
Michoacán 58 600 4 792 000 Morelia
Morelos 4 900 2 022 600 Cuernavaca
Nayarit 27 800 1 270 600 Tepic
Nuevo León 64 200 5 533 100 Monterrey
Oaxaca 93 800 4 120 700 Oaxaca
Puebla 34 300 6 542 500 Puebla
Querétaro 11 700 2 239 100 Querétaro
Quintana Roo 42 400 1 684 500 Chetumal
San Luis Potosí 61 000 2 846 000 San Luis Potosí
Sinaloa 57 400 3 131 000 Culiacan
Sonora 179 500 3 037 800 Hermosillo
Tabasco 24 700 2 544 400 Villahermosa
Tamaulipas 80 200 3 620 900 Ciudad Victoria
Tlaxcala 4 000 1 364 100 Tlaxcala
Veracruz 71 800 8 488 400 Jalapa Enríquez
Yucatán 39 600 2 233 900 Merida
Zacatecas 75 500 1 654 600 Zacatecas
Federal District
Distrito Federal 1 500 9 031 200 Mexico City

Canada

The flag was officially established in 1965; before that the British Red Ensign (red field with “Union Jack”) was used. Maple leaves are an old Canadian symbol. The red in the flag is said to stand for Canada’s victims in the First World War, the white for the snowy expanses of the north.

Administrative division

Canada is a federation of ten provinces and three territories. Each province has its own government and its own parliament. education and health care. The territories also have extensive self-government, but there the federal government has retained control over natural resources and land.

Area in km2 Residents 2018 Capital
Provinces
Alberta 661 200 4 307 100 Edmonton
British Columbia 948 600 5,000,000 Victoria
Manitoba 650 100 1 352 200 Winnipeg
New Brunswick 71 400 770 600 Fredericton
Newfoundland and Labrador 404 500 525 400 Saint John’s
Nova Scotia 55 500 959 900 Halifax
Ontario 1 216 300 14 322 800 Toronto
Prince Edward Island 5 700 153 200 Charlottetown
Quebec 1 540 700 8 390 500 Quebec
Saskatchewan 651 900 1 162 100 Regina
territories
Northwest Territories 1 178 300 44 500 Yellowknife
Nunavut 2 201 400 38 400 Iqaluit
Yukon 536 300 40 500 Whitehorse

USA

Administrative division

As the largest country in North America listed on Countryaah official site, the United States consists of 50 states with their own constitutions, which, like the Union, are based on the principle of power sharing. All states have an executive function headed by a people-elected governor, a legislative assembly and an independent judiciary. Each state is sovereign to decide on its own organization as long as it does not conflict with the constitution.

States and territories

States / district Area
(km2)
Residents
2016
(millions)
Capital
Northeast States
New England
Maine ME 87 300 1.3 Augusta
New Hampshire NH 24 200 1.3 Concord
Vermont VT 24 900 0.6 Montpelier
Massachusetts MA 23 900 6.8 Boston
Rhode Island RI 4 000 1.1 Providence
Connecticut CT 13 000 3.6 Hartford
Other
New York NEW 141 000 19.7 Albany
New Jersey NJ 22 600 8.9 Trenton
Pennsylvania PA 119 000 12.8 Harrisburg
Midwest
Ohio OH 116 000 11.6 Columbus
Indiana IN 94 000 6.6 Indianapolis
Illinois IL 146 000 12.8 Springfield
Michigan MI 250 500 9.9 Lansing
Wisconsin WI 208 200 5.8 Madison
Minnesota MN 225 200 5.5 Saint Paul
Iowa IA 145 800 3.1 Des Moines
Missouri MO 180 500 6.1 Jefferson City
North Dakota ND 183 000 0.8 Bismarck
South Dakota SD 200 000 0.9 Pierre
Nebraska NE 200 000 1.9 Lincoln
Kansas KS 213 000 2.9 Topeka
Southern States
Delaware THE 5 300 1.0 Dover
Maryland MD 31 800 6.0 Annapolis
District of Columbia DC 178 0.7
Virginia VA 109 600 8.4 Richmond
West Virginia WV 62 800 1.8 Charleston
North Carolina NC 139 000 10.1 Raleigh
South Carolina SC 83 000 5.0 Columbia
Georgia GA 152 500 10.3 Atlanta
Florida FL 151 700 20.6 Tallahassee
Kentucky KY 105 000 4.4 Frankfort
Tennessee TN 109 200 6.6 Nashville
Alabama AL 134 000 4.7 Montgomery
Mississippi MS 125 400 3.0 Jackson
Arkansas ARE 138 000 3.0 Little Rock
Louisiana LA 134 300 4.7 Baton Rouge
Oklahoma OK 181 000 3.9 Oklahoma City
Texas TX 695 700 27.9 Austin
Western States
Mountain States
Montana MT 380 800 1.0 Helena
Idaho ID 216 400 1.7 Boise
Wyoming WY 253 400 0.6 cheyenne
Colorado CO 270 000 5.5 Denver
New Mexico NM 315 000 2.1 Santa Fe
Arizona AZ 295 000 6.9 Phoenix
Utah OUT 219 900 3.1 Salt Lake City
Nevada NV 286 000 2.9 Carson City
Pacific States
Washington WA 183 000 7.3 Olympia
Oregon OR 255 000 4.1 Salem
California CA 411 000 39.2 Sacramento
Alaska AK 1 593 000 0.7 Juneau
Hawaii HI 16 800 1.4 Honolulu
Areas connected to the United States Area
(km2)
Residents
2016
American Samoa 197 54 200
Guam 541 162 700
Johnston and Sand Islands 3
Midway Atoll 5
Northern Mariana Islands 457 53 500
Puerto Rico 9 000 3 578 100
Virgin Islands 353 103 000
Wake Islands 8

Flags of North America