Yaoundé, the capital and largest city of Cameroon, is situated in Central Africa, in the central-southern part of the country. Cameroon is known for its diverse landscapes, wildlife, and cultural richness. Yaoundé experiences a tropical wet and dry climate, characterized by distinct wet and dry seasons, high temperatures, and notable seasonal variations. To provide a comprehensive description of Yaoundé’s climate, it’s essential to examine various aspects, including temperature, precipitation, humidity, and seasonal variations.
According to andyeducation, Yaoundé is located in the southern region of Cameroon, not far from the Gulf of Guinea. Its geographical location influences its climate patterns, as it is situated inland, away from the coast.
Yaoundé experiences two primary seasons: a wet season (rainy season) and a dry season. These seasons are driven by the movement of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), a region near the equator where the trade winds from both hemispheres converge.
Wet Season (March to October):
The wet season in Yaoundé typically spans from March to October and is characterized by high humidity, heavy rainfall, and occasional thunderstorms.
- March: The wet season begins in March, with average high temperatures ranging from 28°C to 30°C (82°F to 86°F).
- April: April continues the wet season, with average high temperatures between 28°C and 30°C (82°F to 86°F).
- May: May is one of the wettest months in Yaoundé, with frequent heavy rainfall and average high temperatures ranging from 27°C to 29°C (81°F to 84°F).
- June: June experiences continued rainfall and high humidity, with average high temperatures between 26°C and 28°C (79°F to 82°F).
- July: July is another wet month, with heavy rainfall and average high temperatures ranging from 25°C to 27°C (77°F to 81°F).
- August: August experiences continued rainfall and high humidity, with average high temperatures between 25°C and 27°C (77°F to 81°F).
- September: The wet season gradually tapers off in September, with average high temperatures between 26°C and 28°C (79°F to 82°F).
- October: October marks the end of the wet season, with average high temperatures ranging from 27°C to 29°C (81°F to 84°F).
During the wet season, Yaoundé experiences heavy and frequent rainfall, often in the form of afternoon or evening thunderstorms. Flooding can occur in low-lying areas, and the high humidity levels make the city feel muggy and sticky.
Dry Season (November to February):
The dry season in Yaoundé spans from November to February and is characterized by lower humidity, clear skies, and minimal rainfall.
- November: The dry season begins in November, with average high temperatures ranging from 27°C to 29°C (81°F to 84°F).
- December: December continues the dry season, with average high temperatures between 27°C and 29°C (81°F to 84°F).
- January: January is one of the coolest months, with average high temperatures ranging from 26°C to 28°C (79°F to 82°F).
- February: February experiences similarly cool temperatures, with average highs between 26°C and 28°C (79°F to 82°F).
The dry season in Yaoundé is characterized by clear skies, lower humidity levels, and a significant decrease in rainfall. It’s an ideal time for outdoor activities and exploring the city’s natural beauty and cultural attractions.
According to existingcountries, Yaoundé receives the majority of its annual rainfall during the wet season, particularly from May to October. The annual average rainfall in Yaoundé is approximately 1,550 millimeters (61 inches). Rainfall during the wet season can be heavy at times, leading to temporary flooding in some areas.
During the dry season, rainfall is minimal, and the city experiences clear and sunny days. However, occasional light showers or drizzle may occur during this period.
Humidity and Wind:
Humidity levels in Yaoundé vary with the seasons. The wet season tends to have higher humidity levels, making the climate feel muggy and humid. In contrast, the dry season brings lower humidity levels, creating a more comfortable climate.
Winds in Yaoundé are generally light to moderate, with no prevailing strong winds. The city’s inland location and topography do not typically lead to extreme wind conditions.
Climate Variability and Extreme Weather Events:
Yaoundé is not prone to extreme weather events like hurricanes or typhoons. However, it can experience occasional tropical storms or heavy rainfall during the wet season. The city is generally well-prepared for such events, with infrastructure and disaster management systems in place.
In summary, Yaoundé, Cameroon, enjoys a tropical wet and dry climate with distinct wet and dry seasons. Summers are characterized by high temperatures, heavy rainfall, and high humidity, while winters bring cooler and drier weather with clear skies. The city’s climate, combined with its cultural heritage and natural beauty, offers a unique and diverse range of experiences for residents and visitors alike.