Literature of Bulgaria
Travel

Literature of Bulgaria

Bulgaria’s literature can be traced back to the second half of the 8th century and was initially primarily of a religious nature. Next to it a rich folk poetry developed in the form of fairy tales, folk songs and legends. Turkish supremacy prevented the literary development of the monk Paisij published “The History of the […]

Music in Bulgaria
Travel

Music in Bulgaria

The formation of a Bulgarian music culture began in the 600s, through a synthesis of cultural impulses from three ethnic groups: the Slavs, the Proto-Bulgarians and the descendants of the Thracian folk group. The Byzantine church song, which dates back to Bulgaria in the 8th century, is documented in medieval sources. From the 1300s, J. […]

Theater in Bulgaria
Travel

Theater in Bulgaria

Bulgarian theater history dates back to the middle of the 19th century. This can be explained from the centuries-long Turkish political rule and from the Greek Orthodox Church’s control of cultural life. The first initiatives to create a Bulgarian theater are also strongly linked to the national liberation. Independence was achieved in 1878, but the […]

Dance in Bulgaria
Travel

Dance in Bulgaria

Bulgaria has a rich tradition of folk dance, and there are a number of outstanding ensembles based on folk dance. However, these have often become more adapted to scenic forms of dance, although there is an intimate connection with the original folk dance. When it comes to ballet, both classical and modern, the first professional […]

Byzantine-style Rila Monastery
Travel

Architecture in Bulgaria

The oldest monuments go back to ancient times. In present-day Aboba there are ruins of a monumental basilica from the 8th century with a total length of almost 100 m. In the following centuries, the Byzantine style influence became more pronounced, among other things. in the dome-covered cross churches in Mesemvrija and in Patleina. During […]

Arts in Bulgaria
Travel

Arts in Bulgaria

The position and independence of Bulgarian art has changed with the fate of the country. The Byzantine art has exerted a strong influence, and through subsequent centuries it can be traced alternating influences from the surrounding countries. Broadly speaking, Bulgarian art can be divided into three major periods: The Byzantine-Bulgarian, 679-1393 The Turkish, 1393-1879 The […]

Bosnia and Herzegovina
Travel

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republic of Europe, in the Balkan Peninsula, borders Serbia and Montenegro in the east and southeast, Croatia in the north and west. The border of today’s Bosnia-Herzegovina is identical to the borders of the sub-republic of the same name in federal Yugoslavia, which lasted from 1945 to 1992. The double name refers […]

Austria-Hungary
Travel

History of Bosnia and Herzegovina Part II

Insurgency against Turkish rule A hereditary feudal class and local army leaders (kapetani) who developed from the 17th century became very independent in relation to the sultan. While also Christians had been able to be landlords before, and Muslim peasants serfs, led the development of the 1800s was all the big landowners ( aga- is, […]

Remains of an Illyrian wall in Stolac, Herzegovina
Travel

History of Bosnia and Herzegovina Part I

The history of Bosnia and Herzegovina is characterized by the fact that various states have fought for influence over several centuries. The population consists of several ethnic groups, which have at times been at odds with each other. The area that is today Bosnia-Herzegovina was from the 12th century partly under Croatian, Serbian, Byzantine, Franconian […]

Bosnia and Herzegovina's Political System
Travel

Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Political System

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a republic and federal state with a relatively weak federal level. The political system is based on the Dayton Agreement (1995) that followed the Bosnia wars in the first half of the 1990s. The supreme political authority is the UN High Representative, who ensures that the civil content of the Dayton […]