Hungary Medieval Arts 3
Culture

Hungary Medieval Arts Part III

The differences between the individual areas of the Hungary medieval are also evident in the light of the ecclesiastical topography. The settlements of monastic orders were more numerous in Transdanubia, where Benedictine and Premonstratensian monasteries were already found within the boundaries of the ancient settlement areas; the Cistercians oriented themselves, in particular in the century. […]

Hungary Medieval Arts 2
Culture

Hungary Medieval Arts Part II

The foundation of the political-administrative organization of the country was constituted by the system of committees, which for the most part were not regions in a geographical or cultural sense, but corresponded to the territories administered by a comes from the king’s castles and are therefore of little significance as a unit. historical-artistic. From the […]

Hungary Medieval Arts 1
Culture

Hungary Medieval Arts Part I

Central European state, bordering Slovakia to the North, Ukraine to the NE, Romania to the East, Yugoslavia and Croatia to the South, Slovenia and Austria to the West. The name Hungary derives from the identification of the Hungarian people with the Onoguri Turks, while the names of Hunnia, Scythia, Pannonia (historically valid only for Transdanubia […]

Hungary Literature 7
Culture

Hungary Literature Part VII

While the first with the Christmas Dream, with Annuska and with The wine frees popular drama from the operettistic elements and the false idealizations of peasant life, the second obtained deserved successes first (with Brigadier Ocskay) as the continuer of the new romantic tendencies that began towards the 1870 (Eugenio Rákosi, Luigi Dóczi and Luigi Bartók) and then with several historical […]

Hungary Literature 6
Culture

Hungary Literature Part VI

Excellent connoisseur of the stage, he has a sense of comedy and social satire. While Szigligeti’s followers (Giuseppe Szigeti, Edoardo Tóth, Francesco Csepreghy) sometimes even surpassed him, Jókai’s splendor overshadowed the other novelists of the time (Vas Gereben, Carlo Szathmáry, Alberto Pálffy, Luigi Degré, Ladislao Beöthy, Carlo Vadnay) and also the school of Petőfi and […]

Hungary Literature 5
Culture

Hungary Literature Part V

One of the noblest figures in Hungarian literature was Francesco Kölcsey (1790-1838), who also taught as a critic and political speaker. His lyric faithfully reflects the romantic world of the time. The nation welcomed his hymn as a prayer. His greatest contemporaries, Giuseppe Bajza, Francesco Toldy and Michele Vörösmarty, gathered around the Aurora, founded by Carlo Kisfaludy, brought […]

Hungary Literature 4
Culture

Hungary Literature Part IV

The first traces of French Enlightenment ideas are found in Transylvania; but these ideas later flooded the country through the tycoons residing in Vienna. It was above all the anti-religious tendencies of the Enlightenment that made their influence felt, but soon the social and altruistic element was also announced. The Enlightenment also raised the problem […]

Hungary Literature 3
Culture

Hungary Literature Part III

As a writer, sacred speaker and statesman he explained a very fruitful activity. His main work: Guide to Divine Truth, made the struggles for the faith decide in favor of Catholicism. For his sermons, collected at the end of his life, he is rightly considered one of the greatest representatives of the literary Baroque style. In […]

Hungary Literature 2
Culture

Hungary Literature Part II

And the influence of the humanistic spirit did not diminish in Hungary even after the death of the great king. In the smaller provincial centers the legacy of Mattia remained alive for decades. The new generation of Hungarian humanists was in continuous relations with Italy, whose fruitful strength was also felt on the further development […]

Hungary Literature 1
Culture

Hungary Literature Part I

Hungarian literary culture is the daughter of Christianity; in it, therefore, no pagan traditions made themselves felt, nor are there written documents of Hungarian poetry from the pre-Christian era. The first to cultivate literature were the ecclesiastics with the Venetian San Gerardo, to whom we owe the work entitled Deliberationes. A court priest compiled the Warnings of Santo […]