Europe is one of six continents on the planet, the second smallest on land, behind only Oceania. With an area of 10 498 000 km 2 and a population of 744 707 158 inhabitants, the European continent has 50 independent countries, according to CountryAah.com.
Russia is the largest country in Europe and the world. With a territory of 17 098 242 km2, it is located on two continents, in eastern Europe and Asia (where most of its land is concentrated), and its capital Moscow is in the European part. The smallest territory in Europe is the Vatican, with an area of 0.44 km 2 . Although located within Rome, the capital of Italy, it is an independent state.
Located in the northern hemisphere (above the equator line), the European continent borders on the following areas:
- North: Arctic Glacial Ocean and North Sea
- South: Mediterranean Sea
- East: Ural Mountains, natural border with Asia
- Southeast: Black Sea
- West: Atlantic Ocean
Europe’s socioeconomic division
Based on economic, political and human characteristics, we classify Europe into:
Where developed countries are concentrated, such as Germany, France and the United Kingdom.
Where less developed countries are concentrated, such as Poland, Ukraine and Croatia.
European countries and their capitals
- Germany: Berlin
- Austria: Vienna
- Andorra: Andorra la Vella
- Belgium: Brussels
- Denmark: Copenhagen
- Spain: Madrid
- Finland: Helsinki
- France: Paris
- Greece: Athens
- Netherlands (Netherlands): Amsterdam
- Ireland: Dublin
- Iceland: Reykjavik
- Italy: Rome
- Liechtenstein: Vaduz
- Luxembourg: Luxembourg
- Monaco: City of Monaco
- Norway: Oslo
- Lisbon Portugal
- United Kingdom: London
- San Marino: San Marino
- Switzerland: Bern
- Sweden: Stockholm
- Albania: Tirana
- Belarus (Belarus): Minsk
- Bosnia and Herzegovina: Sarajevo
- Bulgaria: Sofia
- Croatia: Zagreb
- Slovakia: Bratislava
- Slovenia: Ljubljana
- Estonia: Tallinn
- Georgia: Tibilisi
- Hungary: Budapest
- Latvia: Riga
- Lithuania: Vilnius
- Macedonia: Scope
- Moldova: Chisinau
- Montenegro: Podgorica
- Poland: Warsaw
- Czech Republic: Prague
- Romania: Bucharest
- Serbia: Belgrade
- Russia: Moscow
- Turkey: Ankara
- Ukraine: Kiev
Some countries in Asia are listed as Eastern European due to their socio-cultural links with Europe. These countries are:
- Armenia: Ierivan
- Azerbaijan: Baku
Curiosities about Europe
Did you know that some countries in Europe fit within some of our Brazilian states? See below some examples:
- Germany, with an area of 357 022 km2, fits in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul which has 357 145 km2.
- Denmark, with an area of 43, 094 km2, fits into the state of Rio de Janeiro which has 43, 781 km2.
- France, with an area of 549 190 km², fits in the state of Minas Gerais which has 586 520 km2.
- Italy, with an area of 301 340 km2, fits in the state of Maranhão which has 331 936 km2.
- The United Kingdom, with an area of 243,610 km2, fits into the state of São Paulo which has 248 219 km2.
- Portugal, with an area of 92 090 km2, fits in the state of Santa Catarina which has 95 737 km2.
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